The FIA will organise the FIA Formula One World Championship (the Championship) which is the property of the FIA and comprises two titles of World Champion, one for drivers and one for constructors. It consists of the Formula One Grand Prix races which are included in the Formula One calendar and in respect of which the ASNs and organisers have signed the organisation agreement provided for in the 1998 Concorde Agreement (Events). All the participating parties (FIA, ASNs, organisers, competitors and circuits) undertake to apply as well as observe the rules governing the Championship and must hold FIA Super Licences which are issued to drivers, competitors, officials, organisers and circuits.
1) The final text of these Sporting Regulations shall be the English
version which will be used should any dispute arise as to their interpretation.
Headings in this document are for ease of reference only and do not form
part of these Sporting Regulations.
The Championship is governed by the Agreement and its schedules.
14) The maximum number of Events in the Championship is 17, the minimum
15) The final list of Events is published by the FIA before 1 January
16) An Event which is cancelled with less than three months written
notice to the FIA will not be considered for inclusion in the following
year's Championship unless the FIA judges the cancellation to have been
due to force majeure.
17) An Event may be cancelled if fewer than 12 cars are available for
18) The Formula One World Championship driver's title will be awarded
to the driver who has scored the highest number of points, taking into
consideration all the results obtained during the Events which have actually
19) Points will not be awarded for the Championship unless the driver
has driven the same car throughout the race in the Event in question.
20) The title of Formula One World Champion Constructor will be awarded
to the make which has scored the highest number of points, results from
both cars being taken into account.
21) The constructor of an engine or rolling chassis is the person (including any corporate or unincorporated body) which owns the intellectual property rights to such engine or chassis. The make of an engine or chassis is the name attributed to it by its constructor.
If the make of the chassis is not the same as that of the engine, the
title will be awarded to the former which shall always precede the latter
in the name of the car.
22) Points for both titles will be awarded at each Event according to the following scale :
1st : 10 points.
23) If a race is stopped under Articles 155 and 156, and cannot be restarted,
no points will be awarded in case A, half points will be awarded in case
B and full points will be awarded in case C.
24) The drivers finishing first, second and third in the Championship
must be present at the annual FIA Prize Giving ceremony.
25) Prizes and points awarded for all the positions of competitors who
tie, will be added together and shared equally.
26) If two or more constructors or drivers finish the season with the same number of points, the higher place in the Championship (in either case) shall be awarded to :
a) the holder of the greatest number of first places,
b) if the number of first places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of second places,
c) if the number of second places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of third places and so on until a winner emerges.
d) if this procedure fails to produce a result, the FIA will nominate
the winner according to such criteria as it thinks fit.
27) An application to promote an Event must be made to the ASN of the
country in which the Event is to take place, which will apply to the FIA.
It must be accompanied by written evidence that the promoter has made arrangements
within the terms of the Agreement to secure the participation of competitors,
which arrangements are conditional only upon the FIA entering the Event
on the Championship calendar.
ORGANISATION OF EVENTS
28) An organiser is a body appointed and/or approved in accordance with
the Agreement with the powers and responsibilities set out therein. Upon
deciding to grant an application to hold an Event, the FIA will invite
the relevant ASN to organise it or to nominate an organiser. If the ASN
is not in a position to do so, the FIA may itself appoint an organiser.
The organiser must be a club or body acceptable to the FIA and must enter
into the organisation agreement set out in schedule 6 of the Agreement
when it applies to organise the Event.
29) Each organiser shall supply the information set out in Appendix
1, part A hereto to the FIA no later than 90 days before the Event. The
FIA, if satisfied with such information, shall complete part B and forward
both parts to all competitors no later than 60 days before the Event.
30) The promoter of an Event must procure that all competitors, their personnel and drivers are covered by third party insurance as required by the Agreement and its schedules.
31) Ninety days before the Event, the promoter must send the FIA details
of the risks covered by the insurance policy which must comply with the
national laws in force as well as the Agreement. Sight of the policy must
be available to the competitors on demand.
32) Third party insurance arranged by the promoter shall be in addition
and without prejudice to any personal insurance policy held by a competitor
or any other participant in the Event.
33) Drivers taking part in the Event are not third parties with respect
to one another.
34) For each Event the FIA will nominate the following delegates:
- safety delegate ;
- medical delegate ;
- technical delegate ;
- press delegate.
and may nominate :
- a representative of the President of the FIA ;
- an observer ;
- a stewards advisor ;
- a safety car driver ;
- a medical car driver.
35) The role of the FIA delegates is to help the officials of the Event
in their duties, to see within their fields of competence that all the
regulations governing the Championship are respected, to make any comments
they judge necessary and to draw up any necessary reports concerning the
36) The technical delegate nominated by the FIA will be responsible
for scrutineering and will have full authority over the national scrutineers.
37) The following officials will be nominated by the FIA :
- Two stewards, one of whom will be nominated chairman, from among holders of the FIA Super Licence of nationality different to that of the organiser ;
- A race director ;
- A permanent starter.
38) The following officials will be nominated by the ASN from among holders of an FIA Super Licence, and their names sent to the FIA at the same time as the application to organise the Event :
- One steward from among the ASN's nationals.
- The clerk of the course.
39) The clerk of the course shall work in permanent consultation with the race director. The race director shall have overriding authority in the following matters and the clerk of the course may give orders in respect of them only with his express agreement :
a) the control of practice and the race, adherence to the timetable and, if he deems it necessary, the making of any proposal to the stewards to modify the timetable in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
b) the stopping of any car in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
c) the stopping of practice or the race in accordance with the Sporting Regulations if he deems it unsafe to continue and ensuring that the correct restart procedure is carried out,
d) the starting procedure,
e) the use of the safety car.
40) The race director, the clerk of the course and the technical delegate
must be present at the Event from 10.00 on the date of initial scrutineering
and the stewards from 15.00 on the same day.
41) The race director must be in radio contact with the clerk of the
course and the chairman of the stewards at all times when cars are permitted
to run on the track. Additionally, the clerk of the course must be in race
control and in radio contact with all marshal's posts during these times.
42) Applications to compete in the Championship may be submitted to
the FIA at any time between 1 March two years prior to the Championship
in which the applicant wishes to compete and 15 November immediately preceding
such Championship, on an entry form as set out in Appendix 2 hereto accompanied
by the entry fee provided for in the Agreement, together with the deposit
provided for in Article 45 where applicable. Applications from Teams not
already competing in the Championship will only be considered where a place
is available, taking into account all the Teams who are entitled to compete
under the Agreement. Entry forms will be made available by the FIA who
will notify the applicant of the result of the application within thirty
days of its receipt. Successful applicants are automatically entered in
all Events of the Championship and will be the only competitors at Events.
43) Applications shall include :
a) confirmation that the applicant has read and understood the Agreement (including its schedules), the Code, the Technical Regulations and the Sporting Regulations and agrees, on its own behalf and on behalf of everyone associated with its participation in the Championship, to observe them,
b) the name of the team (which must include the name of the chassis),
c) the make of the competing car,
d) the make of the engine,
e) the names of the drivers. A driver may be nominated subsequent to the application upon payment of a fee fixed by the FIA,
f) an undertaking by the applicant to participate in every Event with the number of cars and drivers entered.
g) an undertaking that the car does not make use of any component, system,
software or device which has been (or might reasonably be suspected to
have been) designed, supplied or constructed by or with the help of anyone
who has been involved on behalf of the FIA with checking Formula One electronic
systems during the 24 months immediately preceding the application.
44) A competitor may change the make and/or type of engine at any time
during the Championship. All points scored with an engine of different
make to that which was first entered in the Championship will count (and
will be aggregated) for the assessment of Benefits and for determining
team positions for pre-qualifying purposes, however such points will not
count towards (nor be aggregated for) the FIA Formula One Constructors
45) With the exception of those whose cars have scored points in the
Championship of the previous year, applicants must supply information about
the size of their company, their financial position and their ability to
meet their prescribed obligations. Any applicant which did not take part
in the Championship for the previous year must also deposit US$48,000,000
(forty-eight million United States dollars) with the FIA when submitting
its application. This sum will be returned to it forthwith if its application
is refused or in twelve equal monthly instalments (including interest)
commencing immediately after the first Event in which it competes, provided
it has met and continues to meet all the requirements of the Agreement
and its schedules. If the applicant fails to appear for the Championship
for which it has entered, its deposit will be forfeit save only that the
applicant may delay its participation by one year, in which case US$12,000,000
(twelve million United States dollars) will be forfeit and the balance
repaid as set out above.
46) All applications will be studied by the FIA which will publish the
list of cars and drivers accepted together with their race numbers on 1
December (or the following Monday if 1 December falls on a week-end), having
first notified unsuccessful applicants as set out in Article 42.
47) No more than 24 cars will be admitted to the Championship, two being
entered by each competitor.
48) If in the opinion of the Formula One Commission a competitor fails
to operate his team in a manner compatible with the standards of the Championship
or in any way brings the Championship into disrepute, the FIA may exclude
such competitor from the Championship forthwith.
49) No pass may be issued except in accordance with the Agreement. A
pass may be used only by the person and for the purpose for which it was
INSTRUCTIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS TO COMPETITORS
50) In exceptional circumstances, the stewards may give instructions
to competitors by means of special circulars in accordance with the Code.
These circulars will be distributed to all competitors who must acknowledge
51) All classifications and results of practice and the race, as well
as all decisions issued by the officials, will be posted on the official
52) Any decision or communication concerning a particular competitor
must be given to him within twenty five minutes of such decision and receipt
must be acknowledged.
53) Incident means any occurrence or series of occurrences involving one or more drivers, or any action by any driver, which is reported to the stewards by the race director (or noted by the stewards and referred to the race director for investigation) which :
- necessitated the stopping of a race under Article 155;
- constituted a breach of these Sporting Regulations or the Code;
- caused a false start by one or more cars;
- caused a collision;
- forced a driver off the track;
- illegitimately prevented a legitimate overtaking manoeuvre by a driver;
- illegitimately impeded another driver during overtaking.
54(a) It shall be at the discretion of the stewards to decide, upon a report or a request by the race director, if a driver or drivers involved in an incident shall be penalised.
b) If an incident is under investigation by the stewards, a message informing all Teams of this will be displayed on the timing monitors.
c) If a driver is involved in a collision or Incident (see Article 53),
and has been informed of this by the stewards no later than 30 minutes
after the race has finished, he must not leave the circuit without their
55) The stewards may impose a 10 second time penalty on any driver involved
in an Incident. However, should such penalty be imposed during the last
five laps, or after the end of a race, Article 56b) below will not apply
and 25 seconds will be added to the elapsed race time of the driver concerned.
56) Should the stewards decide to impose a time penalty, the following procedure will be followed :
a) The stewards will give written notification of the time penalty which has been imposed to an official of the team concerned and will ensure that this information is also displayed on the timing monitors.
b) From the time the steward's decision is notified on the timing monitors the relevant driver may cover no more than three complete laps before entering the pits and proceeding to his pit where he shall remain for the period of the time penalty.
Whilst a car is stationary in the pits as a result of incurring a time penalty it may not be worked on. However, if the engine stops it may be started after the time penalty period has elapsed.
c) When the time penalty period has elapsed the driver may rejoin the race.
d) Any breach or failure to comply with Articles 56 b) or 56 c) may
result in the car being excluded.
57) Any determination made or any penalty imposed pursuant to Article
55 shall be without prejudice to the operation of Articles 160 or 161 of
58) Protests shall be made in accordance with the Code and accompanied
by a fee of 2500.00 Swiss Francs or its equivalent in US Dollars or local
59) The stewards may inflict the penalties specifically set out in these
Sporting Regulations in addition to or instead of any other penalties available
to them under the Code.
CHANGES OF DRIVER
60) During a season, each team will be permitted one driver change for their first car and will be permitted to have three drivers for their second car who may be changed at any time provided that any driver change is made in accordance with the Code and before the start of qualifying practice
After 16.00 on the day of scrutineering, a driver change may only take place with the consent of the stewards.
In all other circumstances, competitors will be obliged to use the drivers
they nominated at the time of entering the Championship except in cases
of force majeure which will be considered separately. Any new driver may
score points in the Championship.
61) The driver must drive the car alone and unaided.
62) The provisions of the Code relating to national colours shall not apply to the Championship.
Both cars entered by a competitor must be presented in substantially the same livery at each Event, any change to this livery during a Championship season may only be made with the agreement of the Formula One Commission.
63) Each car will carry the race number of its driver (or his replacement)
as published by the FIA at the beginning of the season. When a car is shown
on a 25 cm television monitor in such a way as substantially to fill the
screen in at least one dimension, its race number must be clearly visible
from the front and from either side of the car.
64) The name or the emblem of the make of the car must appear on the
front of the nose of the car and in either case be at least 25mm in its
largest dimension. The name of the driver must also appear on the bodywork,
on the outside of the cockpit, or on the driver's helmet and be clearly
65) No testing is permitted :
a) on any circuit outside Europe except general testing organised by the Commercial Rights Holder ;
b) on any circuit during the seven days preceding race day at each Event except for a shakedown test not exceeding 50km which must be supervised by the relevant ASN ;
c) on any circuit between the last Event of the Championship and 1 December ;
d) on any circuit which has hosted, or will host, an Event during the Championship year other than those hosting the British, French, Italian and Spanish Grands Prix.
e) at sites which are not currently approved for Formula 1.
If any test is to be attended by more than one Team, it is the responsibility
of the Teams concerned to inform the FIA. A representative will then be
appointed by the FIA to attend the test and ensure that track safety standards
are maintained and normal running procedures respected at all times.
66(a) For the avoidance of doubt and for description purposes, the pit lane shall be divided into two lanes. The lane closest to the pit wall is designated the "fast lane", and the lane closest to the garages is designated the "inner lane", and is the only area where any work can be carried out on a car.
b) Competitors must not paint lines on any part of the pit lane.
c) No equipment may be left in the fast lane. A car may enter or remain in the fast lane only with the driver sitting in the car behind the steering wheel in his normal position, even when the car is being pushed.
d) Team personnel are only allowed in the pit lane immediately before they are required to work on a car and must withdraw as soon as the work is complete.
e It is the responsibility of the Competitor to release his car after
a pit stop only when it is safe to do so.
67) Each competitor must have all relevant Super Licences available
for inspection at any time during the Event.
68) At the first Event of each Championship, the FIA will check all
69) No competitor, driver or other person concerned with a car can be
required to sign any waiver or other document save as provided by the Agreement.
70) Initial scrutineering of the car will take place three days (Monaco
: four days) before the race between 10.00 and 16.00 in the garage assigned
to each team.
71) Unless a waiver is granted by the stewards, competitors who do not
keep to these time limits will not be allowed to take part in the Event.
72) No car may take part in the Event until it has been passed by the
73) The scrutineers may :
a) check the eligibility of a car or of a competitor at any time during an Event,
b) require a car to be dismantled by the competitor to make sure that the conditions of eligibility or conformity are fully satisfied,
c) require a competitor to pay the reasonable expenses which exercise of the powers mentioned in this Article may entail,
d) require a competitor to supply them with such parts or samples as
they may deem necessary.
74) Any car which, after being passed by the scrutineers, is dismantled
or modified in a way which might affect its safety or call into question
its eligibility, or which is involved in an accident with similar consequences,
must be re-presented for scrutineering approval.
75) The race director or the clerk of the course may require that any
car involved in an accident be stopped and checked.
76) Checks and scrutineering shall be carried out by duly appointed
officials who shall also be responsible for the operation of the parc fermé
and who alone are authorised to give instructions to the competitors.
77) The stewards will publish the findings of the scrutineers each time
cars are checked during the Event. These results will not include any specific
figure except when a car is found to be in breach of the Technical Regulations.
SUPPLY OF TYRES IN THE CHAMPIONSHIP AND TYRE LIMITATION DURING THE EVENT
78) Supply of tyres :
a) Any tyre company wishing to supply tyres to Formula One Teams must notify the FIA of its intention to do so no later than 1 January preceding the year during which such tyres will be supplied.
Any tyre company wishing to cease the supply of tyres to Formula One Teams must notify the FIA of its intention to do so no later than 1 January of the year preceding that in which such tyres were to be supplied.
b) No tyre may be used in the Championship unless the company supplying such tyre accepts and adheres to the following conditions :
- one tyre supplier present in the Championship : this company must equip 100% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms ;
- two tyre suppliers present : each of them must, if called upon to do so, be prepared to equip up to 60% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms ;
- three or more tyre suppliers present : each of them must, if called upon to do so, be prepared to equip up to 40% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms ;
- each tyre supplier must undertake to provide only two specifications of dry-weather tyre and three specifications of wet-weather tyre at each Event, each of which must be of one homogenous compound only;
- if, in the interests of maintaining current levels of circuit safety,
the FIA deems it necessary to reduce tyre grip, it shall introduce such
rules as the tyre suppliers may advise or, in the absence of advice which
achieves the FIA's objectives, specify the maximum permissible contact
areas for front and rear tyres.
79) Quantity and type of tyres :
a) The same driver may not use more than a total of thirty two dry-weather tyres and twenty eight wet-weather tyres throughout the entire duration of the Event.
Prior to the qualifying practice each driver may use two specifications of dry-weather tyres but must, before qualifying practice begins, nominate which specification of tyre he will use for the remainder of the Event.
For qualifying practice, Warm Up and the race each driver may use no more than twenty eight tyres (fourteen front and fourteen rear).
b) All dry-weather tyres must incorporate circumferential grooves square to the wheel axis and around the entire circumference of the contact surface of each tyre.
c) Each front dry-weather tyre, when new, must incorporate 4 grooves which are :
- arranged symmetrically about the centre of the tyre tread ;
- at least 14mm wide at the contact surface and which taper uniformly to a minimum of 10mm at the lower surface ;
- at least 2.5mm deep across the whole lower surface ;
- 50mm (+/- 1.0mm) between centres.
Furthermore, the tread width of the front tyres must not exceed 270mm.
d) Each rear dry-weather tyre, when new, must incorporate 4 grooves which are:
- arranged symmetrically about the centre of the tyre tread ;
- at least 14mm wide at the contact surface and which taper uniformly to a minimum of 10mm at the lower surface ;
- at least 2.5mm deep across the whole lower surface ;
- 50mm (+/- 1.0mm) between centres.
The measurements referred to in c) and d) above will be taken when the tyre is fitted to a wheel and inflated to 20psi.
e) A wet-weather tyre is one which has been designed for use on a wet or damp track.
All wet-weather tyres must, when new, have a contact area which does not exceed 300cm² when fitted to the front of the car and 475cm² when fitted to the rear. Contact areas will be measured over any square section of the tyre which is normal to and symmetrical about the tyre centre line and which measures 200mm x 200mm when fitted to the front of the car and 250mm x 250mm when fitted to the rear. For the purposes of establishing conformity, only void areas which are greater than 2.5mm in depth will be considered.
Prior to use at an Event, each tyre manufacturer must provide the technical delegate with a full scale drawing of each type of wet-weather tyre intended for use.
With the exception of race day, wet-weather tyres may only be used after the track has been declared wet by the race director and, during the remainder of the relevant session, the choice of tyres is free.
f) Tyre specifications will be determined by the FIA no later than 1
September of the previous season. Once determined in this way, the specification
of the tyres will not be changed during the Championship season without
the agreement of the Formula One Commission.
80) Control of tyres :
a) All tyres which are to be used at an Event will be marked with a unique identification.
b) At any time during an Event, and at his absolute discretion, the FIA technical delegate may select the dry-weather tyres to be used by any Team from among the total stock of tyres which such Team's designated supplier has present at the Event.
c) During initial scrutineering, each competitor may have up to forty four dry-weather tyres and thirty six wet-weather tyres for each of his drivers ready for marking in his garage. Tyres not marked during initial scrutineering can be marked at other times by arrangement with the FIA technical delegate.
d) From among the twenty-eight dry-weather tyres chosen for each car for qualifying practice, Warm Up and the race, the FIA technical delegate will choose at random sixteen tyres (eight front and eight rear) which are the only dry-weather tyres which such car may use in qualifying practice.
e) A competitor wishing to replace an already marked unused tyre by another unused one must present both tyres to the FIA technical delegate.
f) The use of tyres without appropriate identification is strictly forbidden.
81) Wear of tyres :
The Championship will be contested on grooved tyres. The FIA reserve
the right to introduce at any time a method of measuring remaining groove
depth if performance appears to be enhanced by high wear or by the use
of tyres which are worn so that the grooves are no longer visible.
82(a) During qualifying practice cars will be weighed as follows :
1) the FIA will install weighing equipment in an area as close to the first pit as possible, this area will be used for the weighing procedure ;
2) cars will be selected at random to undergo the weighing procedure. The FIA technical delegate will inform the driver by means of a red light at the pit entrance that his car has been selected for weighing ;
3) having been signalled (by means of a red light), that his car has been selected for weighing, the driver will proceed directly to the weighing area and stop his engine ;
4) the car will then be weighed and the result given to the driver in writing ;
5) if the car is unable to reach the weighing area under its own power it will be placed under the exclusive control of the marshals who will take the car to be weighed ;
6) a car or driver may not leave the weighing area without the consent of the FIA technical delegate.
7) if a car stops on the circuit and the driver leaves the car, he must go to the weighing area immediately on his return to the pits in order for his weight to be established.
b) After the race each car crossing the Line will be weighed. If a driver wishes to leave his car before it is weighed he must ask the technical delegate to weigh him in order that this weight may be added to that of the car.
c) Should the weight of the car be less than that specified in Article 4.1 of the Technical Regulations when weighed under a) or b) above, the car and the driver will be excluded from the Event save where the deficiency in weight results from the accidental loss of a component of the car due to force majeure.
d) No solid, liquid, gas or other substance or matter of whatsoever nature may be added to, placed on, or removed from a car after it has been selected for weighing or has finished the race or during the weighing procedure. (Except by a scrutineer when acting in his official capacity).
e) Only scrutineers and officials may enter the weighing area. No intervention
of any kind is allowed there unless authorised by such officials.
83) Any breach of these provisions for the weighing of cars may result
in the exclusion of the relevant car.
GENERAL CAR REQUIREMENTS
84) No signal of any kind may pass between a moving car and anyone connected with the car's entrant or driver save for the following:
a) Legible messages on a pit board.
b) Body movement by the driver.
c) Telemetry signals from the car to the pits.
d) Lap trigger signals from the pits to the car. Lap marker transmitters shall be battery powered and once operating must be free-standing (not attached to any other pit equipment by means of wires or optical fibres) and incapable of receiving external information.
Such lap triggers shall use a transmitter operating with a carrier frequency above 10GHz (radio or optical) and a beam half angle of no more than 36° when measured at the 3dB point, and shall not be used for the transmission of any data from pit to the car other than the lap mark. Lap mark data must be transmitted repeatedly and must be demonstrably consistent.
e) Verbal communication between a driver and his team by radio.
f) Electromagnetic radiation between 2.0 and 2.7GHz is forbidden save
with the written consent of the FIA.
85) Accident data recording :
a) Each car must be fitted with an FIA accident data recorder during each Event and all tests which are attended by more than one Team. The sole purpose of these units is to monitor and record data relevant to an accident or incident.
b) The recorder and any related sensors must be fitted and operated in accordance with the instructions of the FIA.
c) At any time following an accident or incident competitors must make the data recorder available and accessible to the FIA. A representative of the Team concerned must be present when data relevant to an accident or incident is being uploaded from the recorder. A copy of the data will be made available to the Team.
d) Any conclusions as to the cause of an accident, or any data relevant
to an accident, may only be published in the form of a report which has
been agreed between the Team concerned and the FIA.
86) A competitor may use several cars for practice and the race provided that :
a) he uses no more than two cars for free practice sessions on each of the two practice days held under Article 115 a) and b) ;
b) he uses no more than three cars during qualifying practice;
c) they are all of the same make and were entered in the Championship by the same competitor,
d) they have been scrutineered in accordance with these Sporting Regulations,
e) each car carries its driver's race number.
87) Changes of car may only take place in the pits under supervision
of the marshals.
88) No change of car is permitted after the commencement of the formation
lap unless the start is delayed or the race stopped before the leader has
completed two laps. In these cases, no change of car is permitted after
the commencement of the new formation lap which immediately precedes the
89) Official instructions will be given to drivers by means of the signals
laid out in the Code. Competitors must not use flags similar in any way
whatsoever to these.
90) Drivers are strictly forbidden to drive their car in the opposite
direction to the race unless this is absolutely necessary in order to move
the car from a dangerous position. A car may only be pushed to remove it
from a dangerous position as directed by the marshals.
91) Any driver intending to leave the track or to go to his pit or the
paddock area must signal his intention to do so in good time making sure
that he can do this without danger.
92) During practice and the race, drivers may use only the track and
must at all times observe the provisions of the Code relating to driving
behaviour on circuits.
93) A driver who abandons a car must leave it in neutral or with the
clutch disengaged and with the steering wheel in place.
94) Repairs to a car may be carried out only in the paddock, pits and
on the grid.
95) The organiser must make at least two fire extinguishers of 5 kg
capacity available at each such pit and ensure that they work properly.
96) Save as provided in Article 138, Refuelling is allowed only in the
97) The driver may remain in his car throughout refuelling but, unless
an FIA approved race refuelling system is used, the engine must be stopped.
Race refuelling systems may not be used during, or immediately after,
any practice session. Whilst being used in the race all team personnel
working on the car must wear clothing which will protect all parts of their
body from fire. The competitor must ensure that an assistant with an extinguisher
(minimum capacity, 25kg.) ready to work is beside the car throughout all
98) Oil replenishment is forbidden during the race. All orifices for
oil filling must be designed in such a way that the scrutineers can seal
99) Save as specifically authorised by the Code or these Sporting Regulations,
no one except the driver may touch a stopped car unless it is in the pits
or on the starting grid.
100) At no time may a car be reversed in the pit lane under its own
101) During the periods commencing 15 minutes prior to and ending 5 minutes after every practice session and the period between the commencement of the formation lap which immediately precedes the race and the time when the last car enters the parc fermé, no one is allowed on the track with the exception of :
a) marshals or other authorised personnel in the execution of their duty ;
b) drivers when driving or on foot, having first received permission to do so from a marshal ;
c) team personnel clearing equipment from the grid after all cars have left the grid on the formation lap ;
d) mechanics under Article 140 only.
102) During a race, the engine may only be started with the starter except :
a) in the pit lane where the use of an external starting device is allowed, or ;
b) under Article 145c) or d).
103) Drivers taking part in practice and the race must always wear the
clothes and helmets specified in the Code.
104) A speed limit of 60 km/h in practice and 80 km/h during the Warm Up and the race (60 km/h in Monaco), or such other speed limits as the Permanent Bureau of the Formula One Commission may decide, will be enforced in the pit lane.
Except in the race, any driver who exceeds the limit will be fined US$250
for each km/h above the limit (this may be increased in the case of a second
offence in the same Championship season). During the race, the stewards
may impose a time penalty on any driver who exceeds the limit.
105) If a driver has serious mechanical difficulties during practice
or the race he must leave the track as soon as it is safe to do so.
106) The car's rear light must be illuminated at all times when it is
running on wet-weather tyres. It shall be at the discretion of the race
director to decide if a driver should be stopped because his rear light
is not working. Should a car be stopped in this way it may re-join when
the fault has been remedied.
107) Only six team members per participating car (all of whom shall have been issued with and wearing special identification) are allowed in the signalling area during practice and the race.
People under 16 years of age are not allowed in the pit area.
108) Animals, except those which may have been expressly authorised
by the FIA for use by security services, are forbidden in the pit area
and on the track and in any spectator area.
109) The race director, the clerk of the course or the FIA medical delegate
can require a driver to have a medical examination at any time during an
110) Failure to comply with the general safety requirements of the Code
or these Sporting Regulations may result in the exclusion of the car and
driver concerned from the Event.
FREE PRACTICE, QUALIFYING PRACTICE AND WARM UP
111) Save where these Sporting Regulations require otherwise, pit and
track discipline and safety measures will be the same for all practice
sessions as for the race.
112) No driver may start in the race without taking part in qualifying
113) During all practices there will be a green and a red light at the
pit exit. Cars may only leave the pit lane when the green light is on.
Additionally, a blue flag and/or a flashing blue light will be shown at
the pit exit to warn drivers leaving the pits if cars are approaching on
114) During the Event, the circuit shall not be used for any purpose
other than the Event except after all practice has finished on each day
and during the period beginning after the free practice on race day and
ending 60 minutes before the pit lane is opened or at other times with
the written consent of the FIA.
115) Free practice sessions will take place :
a) Two days (Monaco : three days) before the race from 11.00 to 12.00 and from 13.00 to 14.00.
b) The day before the race from 09.00 to 09.45 and from 10.15 to 11.00.
116) Qualifying practice will take place :
a) The day before the race from 13.00 to 14.00.
b) Each driver is allowed a maximum of 12 laps qualifying practice.
Should a driver complete more than 12 laps all times recorded by the driver
will be cancelled.
117) Warm Up : a free practice session will take place on race day;
it will last 30 minutes and start 4 hours and 30 minutes before the starting
time of the race.
118) The interval between the free and qualifying practice session may never be less than 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Only in the most exceptional circumstances can a delay in free practice
or other difficulty on race morning result in a change to the starting
time of the race.
119) If a car stops during practice it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty of the marshals to assist him.
If any such assistance results in the car being driven or pushed back to the pits the following penalties will be imposed :
a) during a free practice session the car may not be used again in that session and, if it is used again, the driver's fastest qualifying lap time will be deleted ;
b) during the qualifying practice session the driver's fastest lap time
from that session will be deleted.
Neither of the above penalties will be imposed if a driver leaves the
car under the control of the technical delegate in the parc fermé.
In the event of a driving infringement during practice, the Stewards
may delete any number of qualifying times from the driver concerned. In
this case, a Team will not be able to appeal against the steward's decision.
120) The clerk of the course may interrupt practice as often and for as long as he thinks necessary to clear the track or to allow the recovery of a car. In the case of free practice only, the clerk of the course with the agreement of the stewards may decline to prolong the practice period after an interruption of this kind.
Furthermore if, in the opinion of the stewards, a stoppage is caused
deliberately, the driver concerned may have his times from that session
cancelled and may not be permitted to take part in any other practice session
121) On both days of practice, all cars abandoned on the circuit during the first free practice session will be brought back to the pits prior to the start of the second and may be used in that session.
122) Should one or more sessions be thus interrupted, no protest can
be accepted as to the possible effects of the interruption on the qualification
of drivers admitted to start.
123) All laps covered during qualifying practice will be timed to determine the driver's position at the start in accordance with Article 129.
With the exception of a lap on which a red flag is shown (see Article
155), each time a car crosses the Line it will be deemed to have completed
STOPPING THE PRACTICE
124) Should it become necessary to stop the practice because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the abort lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all marshal posts.
When the signal is given to stop, all cars shall immediately reduce speed and proceed slowly back to their respective pits, and all cars abandoned on the track will be removed to a safe place. Any lap during which the red flag is shown will not be counted towards a car's total lap allocation for that session.
At the end of each practice session all drivers may cross the Line only
PRESS CONFERENCES AND DRIVERS PARADE
125) The FIA press delegate will choose a maximum of five drivers who must attend a press conference in the media centre for a period of one hour at 15.00 on the day before first practice. These driver's Teams will be notified no less than 48 hours before the conference. In addition, a maximum of two Team personalities may be chosen by the FIA press delegate to attend this press conference.
On the first day of practice, a minimum of three and a maximum of six drivers and/or team personalities, (other than those who attended the press conference on the previous day and subject to the consent of the team principal) will be chosen by ballot or rota by the FIA press delegate during the Event and must make themselves available to the media for a press conference in the media centre for a period of one hour at 15.30.
No driver may enter into a contract, which restricts his right to talk
to any representative of the media during an Event. It shall be the duty
of each Team to ensure that their drivers do not unreasonably refuse to
speak to any representative of the media during the Event.
126) Immediately after qualifying practice the first three drivers in
qualifying will be required to make themselves available for television
interviews in the unilateral room and then attend a press conference in
the media centre for a maximum period of 30 minutes.
127) One hour and fifteen minutes after the end of Warm Up all drivers
must attend a drivers parade, Competitors will be given details of the
parade by the Press Delegate.
128) At the end of qualifying practice, the fastest time achieved by
each driver will be officially published (see Article 51).
129) The grid will be drawn up in the order of the fastest time achieved
by each driver. Should two or more drivers have set identical times, priority
will be given to the one who set it first.
130) The fastest driver will start the race from the position on the
grid which was the pole position in the previous year or, on a new circuit,
has been designated as such by the FIA safety delegate.
131) Any driver whose best qualifying lap exceeds 107% of the pole position time will not be allowed to take part in the Warm Up or race. Under exceptional circumstances however, which may include setting a suitable lap time in a previous free practice session, the stewards may permit the car to start the race.
Should there be more than one driver accepted in this manner, their order will be determined by the stewards.
In either case, a Team will not be able to appeal against the stewards'
132) The starting grid will be published after the Warm Up on race day.
Any competitor whose car(s) is (are) unable to start for any reason whatsoever
(or who has good reason to believe that their car(s) will not be ready
to start) must inform the clerk of the course accordingly at the earliest
opportunity and, in any event, no later than 45 minutes before the start
of the race. If one or more cars are withdrawn the grid will be closed
up accordingly. The final starting grid will be published 45 minutes before
the start of the race.
133) The grid will be in a staggered 1 x 1 formation and the rows on
the grid will be separated by 8 metres.
134) Any car which has not taken up its position on the grid by the
time the ten minute signal is shown will not be permitted to do so and
must start from the pits in accordance with Article 137.
135) Meetings, chaired by the race director, will take place at 10.00 and 17.00 on the first day of practice. The first must be attended by all Team Managers and the second by all drivers.
Should the race director consider another meeting necessary it will
take place one hour after the end of Warm Up, Competitors will be informed
no later than three hours after the end of qualifying practice. All drivers
and Team Managers must attend.
136) 30 minutes before the time for the start of the race, the cars will leave the pits to cover a reconnaissance lap. At the end of this lap they will stop on the grid in starting order with their engines stopped.
Should they wish to cover more than one reconnaissance lap, this must
be done by driving down the pit lane at greatly reduced speed between each
of the laps.
137) 17 minutes before the starting time, a warning signal announcing the closing of the pit exit in 2 minutes will be given.
15 minutes before the starting time, the pit exit will be closed and a second warning signal will be given. Any car which is still in the pits can start from the pits, but only under the direction of the marshals. It may be moved to the pit exit only with the driver in position.
Where the pit exit is immediately after the Line, cars will join the
race when the whole field has passed the pit exit on its first racing lap.
Where the pit exit is immediately before the Line, cars will join the race
as soon as the whole field has crossed the Line after the start.
138) Refuelling on the starting grid may only be carried out prior to
the 5 minute signal and by using one unpressurised container with a maximum
capacity of 12 litres. Any such container may not be refilled during the
starting procedure and must be fitted with one or more dry break couplings
connecting it to the car.
139) The approach of the start will be announced by signals shown ten minutes, five minutes, three minutes, one minute and fifteen seconds before the start of the formation lap, each of which will be accompanied by an audible warning.
When the ten minute signal is shown, everybody except drivers, officials and team technical staff must leave the grid.
When the five minute signal is shown all cars must have their wheels fitted. After this signal wheels may only be removed in the pits. Any car which does not have all its wheels fitted at the five minute signal must start the race from the back of the grid or the pit lane.
When the one minute signal is shown, engines should be started and all team personnel must leave the grid by the time the 15 second signal is given. If any driver needs assistance after the 15 second signal he must raise his arm and, when the remainder of the cars able to do so have left the grid, his team may attempt to rectify the problem. In this case, marshals with yellow flags will stand behind any car (or cars) concerned to warn drivers behind.
When the green lights are illuminated, the cars will begin the formation
lap with the pole position driver leading. When leaving the grid, all drivers
must proceed at a greatly reduced speed until clear of any Team personnel
standing beside the track.
During the formation lap practice starts are forbidden and the formation must be kept as tight as possible.
Overtaking during the formation lap is only permitted if a car is delayed
when leaving its grid position and cars behind cannot avoid passing it
without unduly delaying the remainder of the field. In this case, drivers
may only overtake to re-establish the original starting order.
Any driver who is delayed leaving the grid may not overtake another moving car if he was stationary after the remainder of the cars had crossed the Line, and must start the race from the back of the grid. If more than one driver is affected, they must form up at the back of the grid in the order they left to complete the formation lap. If the Line is not situated in front of pole position, for the purposes of this Article only, it will be deemed to be a white line one metre in front of pole position.
A time penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of
the Stewards, unnecessarily overtook another car during the formation lap.
140) Any driver who is unable to start the formation lap must raise his arm and, after the remainder of the cars have crossed the Line, his mechanics may attempt to rectify the problem under the supervision of the marshals.
If the car is still unable to start the formation lap it will be pushed
into the pit lane by the shortest route and the mechanics may work on the
141) When the cars come back to the grid at the end of the formation
lap, they will stop on their respective grid positions, keeping their engines
running. Once all the cars have come to a halt the five second signal will
appear followed by the four, three, two and one second signals. At any
time after the one second signal appears, the race will be started by extinguishing
all red lights.
142) There will be a standing start. The starting signal will be given
by means of starting lights activated by the permanent starter. During
the start of a race, the pit wall must be kept free of all persons with
the exception of properly authorised officials and fire marshals all of
whom shall have been issued with and shall be wearing the appropriate pass.
143) Any car which is unable to maintain starting order during the entire formation lap or is moving when the one second light comes on must enter the pit lane and start from the pits as specified in Article 137.
This will not apply to any car which is temporarily delayed during the
lap and which is able to regain its position, without endangering itself
or any other car, before the leading car has taken up its position on the
144) If, after returning to the starting grid at the end of the formation lap, a car develops a problem that could endanger the start, the driver must immediately raise his hands above his head and the marshal responsible for that row must immediately wave a yellow flag.
If the start is delayed as a result, a marshal with a yellow flag will stand in front of the car concerned to prevent it from moving until the whole field has left the grid on the new formation lap. The driver concerned may then start the race from the back of the grid and any vacant positions will not be filled.
Should there be more than one car involved, their new positions at the back of the grid will be determined in accordance with their respective final grid positions.
If a problem cannot be rectified before the commencement of the new
formation lap the car must be pushed into the pit lane by the shortest
route. The Team may then attempt to rectify the problem and, if successful,
the car may then start from the pit lane. Should there be more than one
car involved their starting order from the pit lane will be determined
by the order in which they reached the pit exit under their own power.
145) If a problem arises when the cars reach the starting grid at the end of the formation lap the following procedure shall apply :
a) If the race has not been started, the abort lights will be switched on, all engines will be stopped and the new formation lap will start 5 minutes later with the race distance reduced by one lap. The next signal will be the three minute signal.
b) If the race has been started the marshals alongside the grid will wave their yellow flags to inform the drivers that a car is stationary on the grid.
c) If, after the start, a car is immobilised on the starting grid, it shall be the duty of the marshals to push it into the pit lane by the fastest route. If the driver is able to re-start the car whilst it is being pushed he may rejoin the race.
d) If the driver is unable to start the car whilst it is being pushed
his mechanics may attempt to start it in the pit lane. If the car then
starts it may rejoin the race. The driver and mechanics must follow the
instructions of the track marshals at all times during such a procedure.
146) Should Article 145 apply, the race will nevertheless count for
the Championship no matter how often the procedure is repeated, or how
much the race is shortened as a result.
147) No refuelling will be allowed on the grid if more than one start
procedure proves necessary under Article 145.
148) A time penalty will be imposed for a false start judged using an
FIA supplied transponder which must be fitted to the car as specified.
149) Only in the following cases will any variation in the start procedure be allowed :
a) If the track is dry throughout all practice sessions but becomes wet (or vice-versa) after the end of the Warm Up and at least 60 minutes before the starting time, a 15 minute free practice may be allowed.
b) If it starts to rain after the five minute signal but before the race is started and, in the opinion of the race director Teams should be given the opportunity to change tyres, the abort lights will be shown on the Line and the starting procedure will begin again at the 15 minute point. If necessary the procedure set out in Article 145 will be followed.
c) If the start of the race is imminent and, in the opinion of the race director, the volume of water on the track is such that it cannot be negotiated safely even on wet-weather tyres, the abort lights will be shown on the Line simultaneously with a "10" board with a red background.
This "10" board with a red background will mean that there is to be a delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed. If weather conditions have improved at the end of that ten minute period, a "10" board with a green background will be shown. The "10" board with a green background will mean that the green light will be shown in ten minutes.
Five minutes after the "10" board with the green background is shown, the starting procedure will begin and the normal starting procedure signals (i.e. 5, 3, 1 min., 15 second) will be shown.
If however, the weather conditions have not improved within ten minutes after the "10" board with the red background was shown, the abort lights will be shown on the Line and the "10" board with the red background will be shown again which will mean a further delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed.
This procedure may be repeated several times.
At any time when a "10" board (with either a red or green background) is shown, it will be accompanied by an audible warning.
d) If the race is started behind the safety car, Article 154n) will
150) The stewards may use any video or electronic means to assist them
in reaching a decision. The stewards may overrule judges of fact. A breach
of the provisions of the Code or these Sporting Regulations relating to
starting procedure, may result in the exclusion of the car and driver concerned
from the Event.
151) A race will not be stopped in the event of rain unless the circuit
is blocked or it is dangerous to continue (see Article 155).
152) If a car stops during the race (except under Article 145c and d),
it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence
does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver
is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty
of the marshals to assist him. If any such assistance results in the engine
starting and the driver rejoining the race, the car will be excluded from
the results of the race.
153) During the race, drivers leaving the pit lane may only do so when
the pit exit light is green and on their own responsibility, a marshal
with a blue flag, or a flashing blue light, will also warn the driver if
cars are approaching on the track.
154a) The FIA approved safety car will be driven by an experienced circuit driver. It will carry an FIA approved observer capable of recognising all the competing cars, who is in permanent radio contact with race control.
b) 30 minutes before the race start time the safety car will take up position at the front of the grid and remain there until the five minute signal is given. At this point (except under n) below) it will cover a whole lap of the circuit and enter the pit lane. If Article 149a) applies, the safety car will take up its position at the front of the grid as soon as the 15 minute practice session has finished.
c) The safety car may be brought into operation to neutralise a race upon the decision of the clerk of the course.
It will be used only if competitors or officials are in immediate physical danger but the circumstances are not such as to necessitate stopping the race.
d) When the order is given to deploy the safety car, all observer's posts will display waved yellow flags and a board "SC" which shall be maintained until the intervention is over.
e) During the race, the safety car with its revolving lights on, will start from the pit lane and will join the track regardless of where the race leader is.
f) All the competing cars will form up in line behind the safety car no more than 5 car lengths apart. All overtaking is forbidden (except under n) below), unless a car is signalled to do so from the safety car.
g) When ordered to do so by the clerk of the course the observer in the car will use a green light to signal to any cars between it and the race leader that they should pass. These cars will continue at reduced speed and without overtaking until they reach the line of cars behind the safety car.
h) The safety car shall be used at least until the leader is behind it and all remaining cars are lined up behind him.
Once behind the safety car, the race leader must keep within 5 car lengths of it (except under j) below) and all remaining cars must keep the formation as tight as possible.
i) While the safety car is in operation, competing cars may stop at their pit, but may only rejoin the track when the green light at the pit exit is on. It will be on at all times except when the safety car and the line of cars following it are about to pass or are passing the pit exit. A car rejoining the track must proceed at reduced speed until it reaches the end of the line of cars behind the safety car.
j) When the clerk of the course calls in the safety car, it must extinguish
all the revolving lights, this will be the signal to the drivers that it
will be entering the pit lane at the end of that lap.
At this point the first car in line behind the safety car may dictate the pace and, if necessary, fall more than five car lengths behind it. As the safety car is approaching the pit entrance the yellow flags and SC boards at the observer's posts will be withdrawn and waved green flags will be displayed for one lap.
k) When the safety car has pulled off the circuit and the cars are approaching the Line, green lights will be shown. Overtaking remains strictly forbidden until the cars pass the green light at the Line unless a car slows with an obvious problem.
l) Each lap completed while the safety car is deployed will be counted as a race lap.
m) If the race is stopped under Article 156 Case C, the safety car will take the chequered flag and all cars able to do so must follow it into the pit lane and into the parc fermé.
n) In exceptional circumstances the race may be started behind the safety car. In this case, at any time before the one minute signal its revolving yellow lights will be turned on. This is the signal to the drivers that the race will be started behind the safety car. When the green lights are illuminated the safety car will leave the grid with all cars following in grid order no more than 5 car lengths apart. There will be no formation lap and race will start when the leading car crosses the line for the first time.
Overtaking, during the first lap only, is permitted if a car is delayed when leaving its grid position and cars behind cannot avoid passing it without unduly delaying the remainder of the field. In this case, drivers may only overtake to re-establish the original starting order.
Any driver who is delayed leaving the grid may not overtake another moving car if he was stationary after the remainder of the cars had crossed the Line, and must form up at the back of the line of cars behind the safety car. If more than one driver is affected, they must form up at the back of the field in the order they left the grid.
A time penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of
the Stewards, unnecessarily overtook another car during the first lap.
STOPPING A RACE
155) Should it become necessary to stop the race because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the abort lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all marshal posts.
When the signal is given to stop all cars shall immediately reduce speed in the knowledge that :
- the race classification will be that at the end of the penultimate lap before the lap in which the signal to stop the race was given,
- race and service vehicles may be on the track,
- the circuit may be totally blocked because of an accident,
- weather conditions may have made the circuit undriveable at racing speed,
- the pit lane will be open.
156) The procedure to be followed varies according to the number of laps completed by the race leader before the signal to stop the race was given :
Case A. Less than two full laps. If the race can be restarted, Article 157 will apply.
Case B. Two or more full laps but less than 75% of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest whole number of laps). If the race can be restarted, Article 158 will apply.
Case C. 75% or more of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest
whole number of laps). The cars will be sent directly to the parc fermé
and the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car crossed
the Line at the end of the lap prior to that during which the signal to
stop was given.
RESTARTING A RACE
157) Case A.
a) The original start shall be deemed null and void.
b) The length of the restarted race will be the full original race distance.
c) The drivers who are eligible to take part in the race shall be eligible for the restart either in their original car or in a spare car.
d) Any driver who was forced to start from the back of the grid or the pit lane during the original start may start from his original grid position ;
e) After the signal to stop the race has been given, all cars able to
do so will proceed directly but slowly to either :
g) Refuelling is only permitted in the pits. If a car is refuelled it
must take the re-start from the back of the grid and, if more than one
car is involved, their positions will be determined by their race order
at the end of the lap prior to that during which the signal to stop was
given. In this case their original grid positions will be left vacant.
160) The end-of-race signal will be given at the Line as soon as the
leading car has covered the full race distance in accordance with Article
13. Should two hours elapse before the full distance has been covered,
the end-of-race signal will be given to the leading car the first time
it crosses the Line after such time has elapsed.
161) Should for any reason (other than under Article 155) the end-of-race signal be given before the leading car completes the scheduled number of laps, or the prescribed time has been completed, the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car last crossed the Line before the signal was given.
Should the end-of- race signal be delayed for any reason, the race will
be deemed to have finished when it should have finished.
162) After receiving the end-of-race signal all cars must proceed on the circuit directly to the parc fermé without stopping, without receiving any object whatsoever and without any assistance (except that of the marshals if necessary).
Any classified car which cannot reach the parc fermé under its
own power will be placed under the exclusive control of the marshals who
will take the car to the parc fermé.
163) Only those officials charged with supervision may enter the parc
fermé. No intervention of any kind is allowed there unless authorised
by such officials.
164) When the parc fermé is in use, parc fermé regulations
will apply in the area between the Line and the parc fermé entrance.
165) The parc fermé shall be sufficiently large and secure that
no unauthorised persons can gain access to it.
CLASSIFICATION166) The car placed first will be the one having covered
the scheduled distance in the shortest time, or, where appropriate, passed
the Line in the lead at the end of two hours. All cars will be classified
taking into account the number of complete laps they have covered, and
for those which have completed the same number of laps, the order in which
they crossed the Line.